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Serious accidents and incidents should be reported as soon as possible directly from the ship to the Transport Agency.  But the Agency also encourages reports of minor events. 
According to the Sea Act, all serious accidents and incidents that could lead to serious accidents must be reported to the Transport Agency as quickly as possible.
Responsibility for reporting lies with the master. What is considered to be a serious accident is not always crystal clear, but the Agency would rather have too many reports than too few.

Grey area
”For our statistical information, it is very important that we get as complete a picture as possible. To know where and how accidents occur is also important for our preventive work,” says Sten Anderson at the Transport Agency.
But he agrees that there is a grey area in what should be reported. This uncertainty sometimes means that the Agency hears about incidents from other sources than masters.
”It could be from pilots, the coastguard, the mass media, MRCC or our inspectors. When we contact the ship to find out more, the reaction is often, ”Oh dear, I didn’t realise it should be reported”, says Sten Anderson.
The Transport Agency in turn is obliged to report the accident to the Swedish Accident Investigation Authority, which assesses whether the incident should be investigated or not. If a serious accident has occurred, the Transport Agency also notifies the police. Minor incidents and deviations are dealt with by the internal maritime reporting system, Insjö/Foresea. Reports are sent there via shipping offices, and then made anonymous before they are put into a common database.
”One advantage of Insjö is that the person reporting will be sent a summary by return of post describing similar incidents on other ships and how the problems were solved. In this way, we can learn from previous mistakes and ensure that they are not repeated,” says Sten Anderson.

Linda Sundgren

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