- Skills requirements: The employer must ensure that workers who use lifting equipment or lifting devices have sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge to use the equipment safely. Such requirements apply to all operators, drivers, load couplers, signalmen and so on.
- Training in other countries: If a worker has undergone training for lifting equipment from another country, the employer must ensure that this training meets the requirements laid down in Swedish regulations. Courses organised in Denmark, Norway, Iceland and Finland which lead to a qualification accepted by each country’s worker protection authority are considered to meet the Swedish requirements.
- Documentation: Skills must be adapted to the specific lifting equipment or lifting device that is used. They must also be documented; a verbal description is not sufficient.
- Written authorisation: Those who work with lifting equipment must have written authorisation from the employer prior to performing such tasks. This authorisation must cover employees and sub-contracted personnel and must also cover every type of powered lifting device operated.
The requirements for inspections of lifting equipment ashore do not apply on board; the relevant provisions are in the Swedish Maritime Administration regulation Sjöfs 1973:A9 regarding lifting equipment on ships. The international body for the regulation of shipping, the International Maritime Organization (IMO), is in the process of drawing up new rules for lifting equipment.
Laws and regulations:
The use of work equipment (AFS 2006:4).
The use of lifting equipment and accessories (AFS 2006:6).
Temporary personal lifting operations using cranes or trucks (AFS 2006:7).